Climate change and Nepalese agriculture

The Nepalese economy is largely based on agriculture which accounts for around 35% of GDP. About 65% of the total population is engaged in Agriculture. Nepalese farming system is predominantly small-scale farming, around half of which is dependent on natural rainfall. Rainfall and other climatic factors are critical to crop yields because only 46.5% of the overall cultivated area is irrigable of which 69.5% is actually irrigated. Empirical studies in recent years indicate that 70% of the performance of crop production can be explained by the climatic variability linked with the temporal weather conditions. The agriculture sector has been affected by floods, droughts and erratic rainfall. Climate change is expected to lead to increasing dryness in drought-prone areas and to wetter conditions in wet areas and there have already been alarming signs of sharp and sustained decline in food security in Nepal.
We have five major focus areas in Climate Change and Agriculture sector:

We have five major focus areas in Climate Change and Agriculture sector:
• Assessing the socio-economic vulnerability of the rural people to climate change
• Documenting the potential impacts of climate change on natural resources
• Identifying the trends of climate change and farmer’s perception of these changes
• Evaluating the impact of climate change on agricultural production
• Identifying choices for adaptation measures that farmers are using to mitigate potential impacts of climate change on agriculture.